A small historical reference
Geography: The administrative center of Kaliningrad Oblast, located on both banks of the river Pregel in the place of its confluence with the Vistula Lagoon, in the west region. The population - 453 461 people (2015).
Date of foundation: 1255. Status of the city on the basis of Kulm law - February 28, 1286. Early names - Tvangste (up to 1255), Königsberg (until 1946).
History: Count urban history begins in January 1255 with the Prussian fortress Tvangste (Twangste), on the site where a wooden castle Koenigsberg was founded, in 1257 rebuilt in brick. The walls of the castle there was a settlement, which also became known as Koenigsberg.
The increase was due to Konigsberg included in the city limits of new settlements - city Löbenicht (1300) and the city Kneiphof (1327). Each of the three cities had its town hall, its mayor, its own court, and so on. D.). In 1724 the three towns, numerous villages, suburbs and the suburbs, as well as the castle, which had previously been part of any of the cities, and had a special status of government residences have been combined into a single city of Königsberg.
Economy: "Shihan" Shipyard.
Interesting fact: In 1919 in Königsberg was opened Devau Airport - the first airport in Germany and one of the first airports in Europe and the world.