A small historical reference
On the "Map of Russia, Muscovy and Tartary" Anthony Jenkinson, published in London in 1562 on the site of the city has been designated "the former Tartar city Meskhet", probably abandoned.
In 1579, English explorer Christopher Barrow said: "On the island, called the Empress, the Russian tsar in the summer keeps a detachment of 50 archers to guard the roads." This record - one of the earliest, which refers to the name of "Tsarina", later to gain a foothold in the country.
At first it was a small military border town, which often reflects the nomadic raids and rebel troops. Subsequently, however, Tsaritsyn became an industrial center. Founding of the city is considered July 2, 1589 and this castle and called Tsaritsyn, because the original was located on an island on the River Queen. Indigenous peoples Turkic called this river "Sary-Su" - "yellow water", the name of the city dates back to the Turkic "Sary-syn" - "tsary-ching", which means "yellow island."
Date of foundation: 1589
Population: 1 016 137